The intention of Cuixmala from the outset was the creation of a private nature reserve, with minimal impact from the buildings. The conservation efforts of its founders, through the establishment of the Cuixmala Ecological Foundation, led to their instrumental role in the founding of the Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere Reserve, the first in Mexico to conserve a tropical dry forest. Every day we embrace the ethic of conservation.
The alluvial plain along the margins of the Cuitzmala River, contains a system of canals, lagoons, and swamps. The reserve maintains high species diversity, and one of the largest concentrations of endemic species in Mexico. The Chamela-Cuixmala Reserve represents one of the best conserved areas along the entire Mexican Pacific coast, where the forest and the sea converge. The Chamela-Cuixmala Biosphere is nationally recognized and administered in cooperation with the National University of Mexico.
The reserve protects terrestrial and aquatic environments in which eight types have been identified. On the coastal plain of the Cuitzmala River occur a number of vegetation types such as mangroves, “manzanilla” forest, riparian vegetation, carrizal, aquatic vegetation, coastal dunes, and grasslands.
Mangrove forests are particularly important for protecting estuaries, water canals, and lagoons near the sea, subject to flooding most of the year, and exposed to high salt concentrations. Mangroves act as a marine life sea nursery, as well as home to numerous species of mammals, as well as aquatic and marine birds.
Cuixmala is a dynamic, living environment, a rich habitat full of flora and fauna which is interesting throughout the year as seasonal changes bring migrating birds and sea mammals as well as a dramatically changing landscape.